Planning for Urbanization in Tribal Areas

Masood Jafri and Ramisa Shafqat

The glorification of jihadi apparatus by the success and rise of Taliban in Afghanistan and decades of deprivation and poverty in FATA (Federally Administered Tribal Areas) attracted young men in thousands to join one or the other of the several Taliban groups and become a threat for the state. A sustained action by Pakistan Army has rid most of the areas from the militants. In the process several hundred families have been displaced who are now seeking to return back and restart their life in their ancestral places. The population in Tribal Areas is scattered living in small clusters divided into tribes and sub tribes spread over a large area. The provision of community facilities and basic utilities to such spread out population is not only expensive but also not sustainable. The World Bank has sponsored a project for rehabilitation of tribal areas by encouraging urbanization in the selected areas and inviting rural population to migrate to towns. Preparation of Structure Plans for fourteen centers is being undertaken to create urban hubs for providing services and become engines of economic growth and employment so that the returned IDPs can start a new life. The paper sums up the lessons from three case studies regarding Planning for Urbanization: Khar (Bajaur Agency), Parachinar and Sadda (Knrram Agency).